World Diabetes Day 2019

Why is November 14th World Dabetes Day?
November 14th it marks the birthday of the man who co-discovered insulin, Frederick Banting. Banting discovered insulin in 1922, alongside Charles Best.

What is the aim of World Diabetes DAY?
The aim is to raise awareness of the impact that diabetes has on the family and support network of those affected, as well as promoting the role of the family in the management, care, prevention and education of diabetes.

Where is World Diabetes Day celebrated?
World Diabetes Day is celebrated throughout the world. A truly global event, World Diabetes Day occurs in over 200 diabetic member associations, in over 160 different countries.

How people celebrate this day?
World Diabetes Day is celebrated in a vast number of ways around the globe. These include a range of activities and events, including meetings and lectures to spread public information, exhibitions and conferences, sporting events for adults and children, television and radio programs, leaflet and poster campaigning.

What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a leading cause of blindness, amputation, heart disease, kidney failure and early death. Simple actions can reduce the risk.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces.
Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, that acts like a key to let glucose from the food we eat pass from the blood stream into the cells in the body to produce energy. All carbohydrate foods are broken down into glucose in the blood. Insulin helps glucose get into the cells.
Not being able to produce insulin or use it effectively leads to raised glucose levels in the blood (known as hyperglycaemia). Over the long-term high glucose levels are associated with damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues.

Types of diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age but occurs most frequently in children and adolescents. When you have type 1 diabetes, your body produces very little or no insulin, which means that you need daily insulin injections to maintain blood glucose levels under control.
  • Type 2 diabetes is more common in adults and accounts for around 90% of all diabetes cases. When you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make good use of the insulin that it produces. The cornerstone of type 2 diabetes treatment is healthy lifestyle, including increased physical activity and healthy diet. However, over time most people with type 2 diabetes will require oral drugs and/or insulin to keep their blood glucose levels under control.
  • Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a type of diabetes that consists of high blood glucose during pregnancy and is associated with complications to both mother and child. GDM usually disappears after pregnancy but women affected, and their children are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

How to prevent diabetes
At present, type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented.
While there are several factors that influence the development of type 2 diabetes, it is evident that the most influential are lifestyle behaviors like unhealthy foods and inactive lifestyles with sedentary behavior. Studies have established that lifestyle modification with physical activity and/or healthy diet can delay or prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetc retinopathy
Diabetic retinopathy is a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes mellitus. It is a leading cause of blindness. Diabetic retinopathy affects up to 80 percent of those who have had diabetes for 20 years or more.
In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, the walls of the blood vessels in your retina weaken. Tiny bulges protrude from the vessel walls, sometimes leaking or oozing fluid and blood into the retina. Nerve fibers in the retina may swell, producing white spots in the retina. As diabetic retinopathy progresses, new blood vessels may grow and threaten your vision.

The role of eye screening in diabtes prevention
Diabetic eye screening is important as it helps to prevent sight loss. As someone with diabetes, your eyes are at risk of damage from diabetic retinopathy. Screening can detect the condition early before you notice any changes to your vision.
That means that you could see perfectly, but inside your eye there are problems.
That’s why you can perform a fast, affordable and useful retinal screening with a fundus camera in order to assess the health status of your blood vessels in the retina.